Philippe De Backer holds several Masters degrees in Biotechnology and earned a doctorate from Ghent University in 2009. In 2012 he received an MBA from Solvay Business School. After some years of working in the world of business and venture capital, he made his political debut in 2011 as Member of the European Parliament. In 2016, he became Secretary of State for Social Fraud, Privacy and the North Sea. In 2018 he was promoted to Minister, gaining responsibility for Digital Agenda, Telecom, Postal Services and Administrative Simplification and this until the end of the legislature in October 2020. During the COVID pandemic he was responsible for the Federal Taskforce dealing with medical supplies, testing and logistics.